Hyperopia, commonly known as farsightedness, is a refractive eye condition in which distant objects can be seen more clearly than objects that are close. This occurs because the eyeball is too short, causing light entering the eye to be focused behind the retina, rather than directly on it. As a result, the images of nearby objects are not properly formed on the retina, leading to strained or blurred vision, particularly with closer objects.
People with hyperopia often have difficulty with tasks such as reading, using a computer, or focusing on objects within arm's length. Corrective lenses help to adjust the way light enters the eye, so it is focused directly onto the retina, allowing for clear vision at all distances without eyestrain. Hyperopia is a common finding in children struggling with concentration and learning.