Glaucoma is a complicated disease that if left untreated, can lead to sight loss or blindness. Glaucoma results from irreversible damage to the optic nerve, often associated with raised eye pressure. As people usually don’t experience symptoms in the early stages, glaucoma is usually detected during a routine eye examination. The good news is that glaucoma can usually be easily controlled.
If glaucoma is suspected, a number of advanced tests may be performed, including visual field analysis (detecting subtle changes in visual sensitivity), optical coherence tomography (measuring tiny changes to the optic nerve and retina anatomy) and gonioscopy (evaluating the ocular drainage system).
Treatment revolves around lowering eye pressure. This is usually managed with regular eye drops, laser procedures or in rare cases surgery. Risk factors for glaucoma include age, family history, high eye pressure, certain medical conditions, myopia, and steroid medication (among others).
Learn more about Glaucoma here.